This is achieved by a number of different ‘modes of action’ (MOA) which all either ultimately stop seeds from germinating or establishing as seedlings; prevent plants from making essential carbohydrates, proteins or lipids (oils and fats); or desiccate leaves and stems. Short term recovery of periphyton photosynthesis after pulse exposition to the photosystem II inhibitors atrazine and isoproturon. Photosynthesis— unique to green, living plants—hap- ... How Does Atrazine Act in Water? Search in PubMed doi: 10.1007/s11356-015-4923-7. Seedling growth inhibitors work by inhibiting plant growth just after germination, interfering with the growth of either roots or shoots (i.e., leaves). Macinnis CMO, Ralph PJ (2003) Short-term response and recovery of Huber W (1993) Ecotoxicological relevance of atrazine in aquatic systems. By continuing you agree to the Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. How does atrazine work? Inhibitors of photosynthesis are used mainly to control broad-leaved weed pests. Atrazine (ATZ) is a commonly used herbicide that has recently come under scrutiny due to potential environmental toxicity and contamination. Environ Int 26:483–495Xie J, Bai XC, Li YL, Sun CC, Qian HF, Fu ZW (2014) The effect of glufosinate on nitrogen assimilation at the physiological, biochemical and molecular levels in Name must be less than 100 characters J Northeast Agric Univ 18:88–92This is a preview of subscription content, Xinjiang Key Laboratory of Environmental Pollution and Bioremediation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Urumqi, 830011, People’s Republic. Livak KJ, Schmittgen TD (2001) Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2Qian HF, Pan X, Chen J, Zhou D, Chen Z, Zhang L, Fu Z (2012) Analyses of gene expression and physiological changes in This work is a contribution of the Program for Natural Science Foundation of China (21277125), Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (LR14B070001), and the Program for Changjiang Scholars and Innovative Research Team in University (IRT13096). Epub 2019 Oct 16. Sci Rep. 2016 Feb 2;6:20245. doi: 10.1038/srep20245. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 104:51–71Graymore M, Stagnitti F, Allinson G (2001) Impacts of atrazine in aquatic ecosystems. Yellow spots may also appear on affected leaves.Herbicides work to reduce weed pests through many mechanisms, but all serve to disrupt weed growth. Photosynthesis is driven largely by the transfer of electrons from chlorophyll molecules into the surrounding cytochromes. Turk J Biol 33:1–7Cid A, Concepcih H, Enrique T, Julio A (1995) Copper toxicity on the marine microalga Kumar KS, Dahms HU, Lee JS, Kim HC, Lee WC, Shin KH (2014) Algal photosynthetic responses to toxic metals and herbicides assessed by chlorophyll a fluorescence. Springer Sensitive vs. tolerant Nitzschia palea (Kützing) W. Smith strains to atrazine: a biochemical perspective. That is, grass crops such as corn benefit the most from photosynthetic inhibitors. Subscription will auto renew annually.The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.Gao YP, Fang JG, Zhang JH, Ren LH, Mao YZ, Li B, Zhang ML, Liu DH, Du MR (2011) The impact of the herbicide atrazine on growth and photosynthesis of seagrass, Chalifour A, Juneau P (2011) Temperature-dependent sensitivity of growth and photosynthesis of PAM Appl Notes 1:1–10Wang X, Li J, Xing H, Xu S (2011) Review of toxicology of atrazine and chlorpyrifos on fish. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. These destroy membranes and desiccate leaves. Environ Toxicol Chem 15:31–76Weiner JA, De Lorenzo AE, Fulton MH (2004) Relationship between uptake capacity and differential toxicity of the herbicide atrazine in selected microalgal species. 2,4 It is taken up by roots and leaves and moves upward in the plant to areas of new growth. Pigment inhibitors break down chlorophyll (the pigment that gives plants their green color), which is necessary for photosynthesis to occur. Epub 2005 Jul 27.Esteves SM, Almeida SFP, Gonçalves S, Rimet F, Bouchez A, Figueira E.Song H, Fan X, Liu G, Xu J, Li X, Tan Y, Qian H. The application of atrazine to crops as a herbicide accounts for almost all of the atrazine that enters the environment, but some may be released from manufacture, formulation, transport, and disposal. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2 The plant dries out and dies. Environ Toxicol 12:1865–1881Song Y, Zhu LS, Xie H, Wang J, Wang JH, Liu W, Gong XL (2009) Effects of atrazine on DNA damage and antioxidative enzymes in Jensen KIN, Stephenson GR, Hunt LA (1977) Detoxification of atrazine in three gramineae subfamilies.
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