Cinchona is a genus of flowering plants in the family Rubiaceae containing at least 23 species of trees and shrubs. a remedy in fever and ague, and the reputation which it acquired at any early period, it has ever since retained. Taking quinine to excess has often resulted in buzzing in the ears and deafness. In using the BARK, however, in its natural state, it is most useful. Leaves opposite, entire, petiolate; stipules inter-petiolar, usually free, and soon deciduous. Cinchona pubescens. It was originally introduced to notice as. See more. Many varieties have been found, even one in Georgia and So. The red is usually considered the most powerful. Flowers cymose-paniculate, white, or usually roseate-purplish, very fragrant. The power by which, when administered in the intervals between the paroxysms of intermittent disorders, it breaks the chain of morbid association and interrupts the progress of the disease, is something more than what is usually understood by the tonic property; for no other substance belonging to the class, however powerful or permanent the excitement which it produces, exhibits a control over intermittents at all comparable to that of cinchona. Leaves are opposite, entire, elliptical, and pointed at both ends. The four major Cinchona alkaloids (quinine, quinidine, cinchonine, and cinchonidine) (Figure (Figure2a) 2a) all possess antimalarial activity but have different pharmacological profiles (Taggart et al., 1948; Hill, 1963; Bruce-Chwatt, 1990). of water with the following: ?2 oz. Types of Cinchona. Description: Natural Order, Cinchonaceae. Drink 1 C. during the day.As a tonic, the bark is advantageously employed in chronic diseases connected with debility; as for example, in scrofula, dropsy, passive hemorrhages, certain forms of dyspepsia, obstinate cutaneous affections, amenorrhea, chorea, hysteria; in fact, whenever a strengthening influence is desired. during the day.All of these varieties are stimulating nervines.It is in the treating of intermittent diseases that the bark displays its most extraordinary powers. The red and pale varieties are considered more astringent, but it is claimed that the yellow furnishes the most quinine in proportion to bulk.Experience has proven that its eflBcacy in the intermittents is often greatly promoted by mixing with powdered Virginia snake root.In France it was employed, with great success, in the treatment of intermittents under the name of “English powder.” During this period, the actual remedy was held a secret. America, principally in the region of Bogota, Peru, but some are now cultivated in Europe. each Peruvian bark, gentian root, orange peel, columbo root, and Hqorice and about Vz t. cayenne for 15 min. Genus CINCHONA: "Evergreen trees or shrubs. Carolina, which was aptly called Cinchona is considered as ranking at the very head of the tonics. It was then sold by the Jesuits under the name of “Jesuit’s powder,” a name it long retained.Does Hydrogen Peroxide Kill Germs, Viruses, And Bacteria?Its tonic properties will be found effective in incontinence of urine. Cinchona | Home | | Pharmacognosy | Chapter: Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry : Drugs Containing Alkaloids Cinchona is the dried bark of the stem or of the root of Cinchona calisaya Wedd., Cinchona ledgeriana Moens., Cinchona officinalis Linn., and Cinchona succirubra Pavon., or hybrids of any of the first two species with any of the last two species, belonging to family Rubiaceae. Very few cases of this disease will be found to resist the judicious use of the bark or some of its preparations.Although discovery has been ascribed to the Jesuits, the natives of Peru knew the febrifuge power of cinchona long before the civilized world became acquainted with it.Spasmodic conditions arising from weakness may be quieted by cinchona.The medium dose of bark as taken in intermittents is 1 drachm., to be repeated more or less according to circumstances. We are updating Cinchona calisaya- Quinine-plant information frequently. Calisaya definition, the medicinal bark of the tree Cinchona calisaya.
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